What is considered illegal surveillance in New York State?

Illegal surveillance is a serious issue in New York State. There are laws against it, and violators can be fined or imprisoned. Here are some examples of illegal surveillance:

Frequently Asked Question

  1. What is considered illegal surveillance in New York State?

  2. The law states that unlawful surveillance relates to the use of an ‘imaging device’ (such as a camera, phone, or other instrument capable of taking images) to view, record, or broadcast someone in a “Place and time when a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy”.12 July 2021 [1]

  3. What is unauthorized surveillance?

  4. Capturing or recording audio, video, or photographic images of an individual in a location or under circumstances in which that person has a reasonable expectation of privacy, including, but not limited to, shower/locker rooms, residence hall rooms, and restrooms, is prohibited. [2]

  5. What does illegal surveillance mean?

  6. Illegal surveillance is the monitoring of a person’s activities or property in a manner that breaks regional laws. What constitutes legal versus illegal surveillance may be very different depending on the region and whether the spying is being done by a private citizen or law enforcement group. [3]

  7. Can my neighbor record me on my property in New York State?

  8. New York State law gives people a right to record via audio or video on their own property, at their place of work and in public spaces. However, they must consider the privacy of others when doing so. This right does not extend to dressing rooms, bathrooms or other places that are deemed private.14 Oct 2021 [4]


It is clear that there are many different types of surveillance that are considered illegal in New York State. This includes things like using hidden cameras, videotaping people without their consent, and intercepting private communications. While it may be tempting to engage in these activities, it is important to remember that they are against the law and can result in serious penalties.

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Sources –

  1. https://www.rendelmanlaw.com/2021/07/12/what-is-unlawful-surveillance/
  2. https://studentaffairs.duke.edu/conduct/z-policies/unauthorized-surveillancephotography
  3. https://www.mylawquestions.com/what-is-illegal-surveillance.htm
  4. https://legalbeagle.com/6835639-new-york-state-laws-videotaping.html

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